SEVERUM CICHLID - AFC Aquarium and Fish Care - Tumblr

Heros severus (Banded Cichlid - Severum) | Fish Care - Betta Fish Care
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The Golden Severum are fairly easy to care for provided the water is kept clean. Aquariums are closed systems and regardless of size all will need some maintenance. Over time decomposing organic matter, nitrates, and phosphate build up and the water hardness increases due to evaporation. To combat these ever changing conditions water should be replaced on a regular basis. Perform water changes of 10 - 20% biweekly or weekly, more or less depending on stocking numbers.In addition, use an algae magnet or scraper to keep viewing panes clear of built up algae. Also note that for this fish to maintain the best coloring you will need to maintain oxygen levels.
Care for your pet severum can be rated as fairly easy to moderately challenging because the fish can easily adapt to new tank water changes
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They are subject to infections as well as other diseases that ail all freshwater fish. One common problem is Ich. It can be treated with the elevation of the tank temperature to 86° F (30° C) for a few days since they can tolerate higher temperatures. They are sensitive to medications, so make sure you do your research., which is also called "hole-in-the-head" disease is common with poor water conditions. This looks like cavities or pits on the head and face. It is believed this may be a nutritional deficiency of one or more of: Vitamin C, Vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus. It is thought to be caused by a poor diet or lack of variety, lack of partial water changes, or over filtration with chemical media such as activated carbon.As with most fish the Severum Cichlids are prone to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.), fungal infections, and bacterial infections. It is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases. Knowing the signs and catching and treating them early makes a huge difference. For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses, see .Anything you add to your tank can bring disease to your tank. Not only other fish but plants, substrate, and decorations can harbor bacteria. Take great care and make sure to properly clean or quarantine anything that you add to an established tank so not to upset the balance. Golden Severum, Heros severus, Banded Cichlid Fish Guide
Photo provided by FlickrSeverum - Badman's Tropical Fish
Photo provided by FlickrSeverum, Heros efasciatus Profile, with care ..
Photo provided by Flickr
Severums are not the easiest to sex. most of the time youll have to buy a group of around 6 and let them pair off on theyre own. sometimes youll get lucky and get a pair. Severums need to develop a pair bond in order to spawn, wich is not the easiest thing to do. these fish can be very picky of theyre partners and will lock lips in order to test each other. maintaining a pair bond is also not the easiest thing to do. it is very helpful to have dither fish like giant danios and other fish in theyre tank in order to keep the pair bonded. this is theoretically done because the pair will defend theyre area together, wich helps the bond at the same time. pairing severums can take a few months and even up to a few years sometimes. my severums paird off after being together for over a year. severums will usually begin spawning after about 3" - 4" in size. Getting them to spawn isnt easy either but it can be done. feed the pair live foods or keep theyre diet on the good size and y! ou can get a spawn. doing frequent water changes and adding cooler water will also aid in getting a spawn. adding cool water simulates the rain season wich usually triggers spawning in many amazonian fish including severums. once you get a spawn the parents will guard them aggressively, you may want to remove any other fish in the tank at this time. the eggs will hatch within 3 - 5 days at wich time the parents may move them into a pit in the substrate. the fry will feed off theyre yolk sacks for an additional 3 - 5 days, at wich time they will become free swimming. the parents will continue to guard the fry, once they are free swimming the parents really show theyre aggressiveness towards other fish in the tank. at this stage you can now start feeding the fry some baby brine shrimp and other live foods. you can also feed them finely crushed flake food. you do not have to remove the fry from the parents tank most of the time. most people do succesfully raise theyre fry alon! g with the parents. when trying to spawn severums you should keep in m ind that it can take many times for the fish to get it right. you may notice that they will eat the eggs during theyre first few spawn or even eat the fry. this is normal and once they figure out how to take care of them they will stop eating the eggs and fry. if you want to remove the eggs from the tank you can do this aswell. I find that by placing an air stone near the eggs will simulate the mothers waving. eggs that are not fertalized will turn white, fertilized eggs will be a brownish color. I started out with severms by accident. I wanted a fish with size and the local pet store had a green and a gold severm. I brought them home and discovered how cool a severm is. A month later I went back to the same pet shop and there was a tank with 6 Green Severms in it. The previous owner was relocated and had to part with his tank. They had been fed crickets and were very calm. A day after I brought them home and put them in a 75 gallon tank I found a 1000 or more eggs carefully pasted to a flat rock. They had many spawns after that. I found I could get them to spawn by raising the temp up to about 82 and feed plenty off live crickets. I was never successful at letting the parents raise them. They would usually be OK until the fry would start getting around the tank on there own then would start eating them. I was very successful by taking rock with eggs and placing them in a 10 gallon tank with the water from the parent tank and placing an air stone very close to the eggs. I then fed fry ground flake food.