Saltwater Fish & Aquariums Saltwater Fish Tank 101 - The Spruce

Saltwater aquarium lighting requirements are different for different types of tanks.
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Crystal clear water in your saltwater aquarium is the result of a job well done by someone who obviously takes fish care seriously. It lets you see your water-dwelling pets in greater detail too. But keeping the water clean is much more than a matter of pride and visual appeal. Fish and other marine life that inhabit saltwater require a clean and stable aquatic environment to remain healthy, thrive and live out their full lifespan. Establish a maintenance routine when you get your saltwater aquarium up and running so keeping the tank and water clean become second nature.
The 15 most beautiful aquarium fish in the world Infographic ~ Salt water tanks.
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Before deciding on aquarium tank size, one must first consider the ideal location for your saltwater aquarium in your living environment. Regular tank maintenance is definitely one of the most important ways of maintaining a clean environment in your saltwater aquarium.
Photo provided by FlickrTalks about what aquarium chillers are and if you really need one for your saltwater reef tank or not.
Photo provided by FlickrAnthony Miralles' photo of his 18g Reef Tank won 1st Place in the September 2004 About Saltwater Aquariums Reef Tank Photo Contest.
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The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.In the freshwater world you hear people talking about African Cichlid and New World Cichlid tanks, brackish tanks, planted tanks, predator tanks, etc. Well, the saltwater side of the hobby has some different types of tank setups as well. There are the Fish-Only tanks, FOWLR tanks (Fish Only with Live Rock) and Reef Tanks. These three saltwater aquarium types progress in startup and maintenance costs. Fish-Only tanks can be considered on the low end for startup costs while FOWLR tanks are moderatly priced and reef tanks could be considered high priced. Refugiums for saltwater aquariums are gaining steam these days as many hobbyists realize the important benefits these refugiums can provide.This article was written for those aquarium hobbyists interested in the main differences in keeping a saltwater tank versus a freshwater aquarium. Let's get started.I wouldn't recommend that a newbie start a saltwater tank without live rock. There are just too many benefits to having it in your marine aquarium. It's a great biological filter, provides food for various species, provides hiding places and homes for others and it looks great. There are other benefits too. Check out the article on for more information. Setting up and keeping a marine fish tank stable without live rock can be more difficult than starting one with ample quantities of good quality live rock.As you can see, a saltwater aquarium requires some additional and some additional equipment not found on the freshwater side of the hobby. You'll need to invest in a good quality protein skimmer and some good quality live rock. Live rock is important from a biological filter perspective and if you're using live rock you don't have to use an external filter on the tank. Let the remove the dissolved wastes. The external mechanical may actually become a source of if not cleaned often enough since the power filter just traps waste. The protein skimmer on the other hand actually removes the dissolved organics from the water.
It seems like we have been getting a lot of new posts on the forum about basic saltwater aquarium setup information. I've written this saltwater aquarium tank guide to hopefully make it easier to understand the start up process for those just getting into marine tanks. I'll make it a step by step article so it is easier to follow. The picture above is my 120 gallon reef tank.