Aquatic Plants for Freshwater Aquariums

Aquatic Plants for Freshwater Aquariums: Aquarium Plant Pack - Ultimate
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The anubias nana is another great type of freshwater aquarium plant for beginners. The biggest benefit of this plant is the amount of coverage it provides. If you have fish that love to hide, or are in need of hiding spots in your fish tank, the anubias nana is the plant you are going to want to go with. It does not grow past 6 inches, so you won’t have to worry about trimming often.
planted freshwater aquarium setup | Green Aquarium Plants
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For more advanced/pro plant aquarists (especially with larger aquariums over 100 gallons) I would not use a yeast based system. I would go with an advanced CO2 reactor for freshwater aquarium plants that utilizes pressurized CO2, CO2 reactors, diffusers, pumps with a venturi, and filters such as a canister filter to add the CO2 into the aquarium.

How to Grow Aquatic Moss Wall - Aquascape Aquarium - Freshwater Aquarium Plants for Beginners
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Photo provided by FlickrBest Freshwater Aquarium Plants for Beginners, photo by
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A Vallisneria is a freshwater aquatic plant, which some people call eelgrass, and are used at the sides or back of a tank to frame the rest of the aquarium.First, I'll answer this important question - why are aquarium plants so important? Freshwater plants give your aquarium a nice, natural appearance as well as aid in water oxygenation. They also provide a habitat for small fish, baby fish and even invertebrates (which do, as do some fish, eat live plants.)There is a vast list of aquatic plants commonly used in freshwater aquariums—so much so that it would be impossible to cover them all in this article. I shall, however, name a few of my favorites.Why would you want to go to all the trouble of having to buy and look after live freshwater aquarium plants? Surely we have enough trouble looking after the fish?

Well there are several very good reasons why live aquarium plants are worth all the trouble. There is one very obvious reason and that is that your aquarium will look stunning with them, but there are many other reasons why they are worth the trouble. They provide a refuge for the fish and they oxygenate the water. More importantly they help to reduce the concentration of nitrites in the water. Nitrites are the big killers of your fish. They are a result of the build-up of detritus from fish droppings. Plants encourage the growth of good bacteria which remove the poisonous nitrites.

There is no gain without pain and the pain is that you have to choose your plants carefully and look after them well.

Plants need two things in particular - nutrients and light. Nutrients they get from the substrate or gravel. Light they have to get from artificial sources. You should not and cannot rely on sunlight to provide sufficient light levels.

Not providing sufficient light is the biggest mistake made by beginners and is the main cause of plants becoming straggly and possibly dying. Sunlight hitting your tank is the worst possible thing because it encourages algae growth which as well as sticking on the glass making the tank look awful also attaches itself to your plants and stifles their growth. It is a fine balance between providing enough artificial light for healthy plants but not too much for excessive algae growth.

First of all, the light level that you choose will depend upon the plants that you choose but as a minimum you will need at least one T5 fluorescent tube in a reflecting hood. Some plants require considerably more lighting for instance several T8 fluorescent tubes.

Algae growth is a real problem because you can never eliminate it completely but there are two things you can do to keep it under control. The first thing is to limit the hours of lighting to no more than 12. The other thing you can do is to put some algae eating fish into your tank, species of Otocinclus for example.

So there it is, avoid the biggest beginners mistake by providing plenty of artificial light for a maximum of 12 hours every day and you have a good chance of owning a beautiful home aquarium.

These plant species (at least most of them) in their natural habitat are either fully or partially submersed but most can fully grow immersed in moist soil. Low maintenance plants are the best choice if you're a first-time aquarium owner. The hardiest of these freshwater plants will be green which, incidentally, don't require as much sunlight. Too much sunlight exposure in your aquarium may cause excess algae growth which causes more aquarium cleaning and maintenance for you. Aquarium plants can become a major part of the hobbies for many hobbyists; there are societies for aquarium plant fanciers, books and websites that specialize in aquarium plants as well. You may also want to read:Live Plants in Aquariums are Essential to well Balanced AquariumsAquarium Lighting Basics 202, the Case for LED FixturesUnderstanding Freshwater Aquarium LightingAquarium Plants and Lighting for Best Results