Discount Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatment | PetSmart

Freshwater aquarium fish disease symptoms and treatments
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At doses typically used to treat fish diseases, chloroquine is also toxic to many invertebrates, algae and bacteria. Seriously high ammonia levels ( > 1 mg/l NH3) are sometimes seen a few days to a week after dosing an aquarium with chloroquine. It is unknown why this is seen in some aquariums but not others. One hypothesis is that the chloroquine has a direct antibiotic effect on the nitrifying bacteria. Another idea is that the chloroquine kills so much microscopic life in the aquarium that the beneficial bacteria are overwhelmed, and an ammonia spike develops. Most likely, it is a combination of both of these factors causing this issue. Always monitor the ammonia levels in aquariums during treatment with chloroquine. Freshwater aquariums should also be monitored for subsequent rise in nitrite levels as well.
We will cover topics that are most common in the home aquarium – how you’ll be able to recognize these fish diseases and treatments available.
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n early the 1970's, when I was just 13 or so, ("marine ich") and ("marine velvet") were a bit less of a problem for my fish than they are now when I quarantine new fish as an aquarium curator. The reason was a product called Marex from the Aquatronics Corporation (they have long ceased operations). Marex was sort of a wonder drug for us back then - simply adding a single $1.99 dose protected the fish in a 50 gallon aquarium from many diseases plus it killed the unsightly algae that grew all over the tank decorations back in those days! When the company went out of business I moved on to using other products. For the past 25 years, I've been using ionic copper measured with a spectrophotometer twice a day to control marine ich and other protozoan diseases. Copper is slow to affect a cure, and the difference between a therapeutic dose and a dose harmful to some fish species is slight. Still, it seemed to be the best method for quarantining or treating active diseases in fish. Thinking back to when I was a youngster, I did some research and discovered that the active ingredient in Marex was chloroquine, and I was familiar with that drug as it was being used by other public aquariums. Acquiring some myself five years ago, I've begun incorporating it into my arsenal of aquarium fish disease treatments. A few home aquarists have begun re-exploring its uses as well, often calling it by the shorthand name of "CP" which stands for chloroquine phosphate. This article provides those aquarists with additional background information to enable them to be better able to use this "new" drug if they wish - having options is always a good. Aquarium fish diseases and treatment - Aquarium fish, plants
Photo provided by FlickrCommon Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatment - Aquaria Hobbyist
Photo provided by FlickrNov 18, 2012 - If you have a problem related to fish disease in your aquarium, it is best to consult your local fish store for a diagnosis and possible treatment.
Photo provided by Flickr
This web-tool allows your to perform quick interactive diagnostics of your aquarium orpond fish mostly based one on how they look like and how they behave. In the full descriptionof a disease you can find additional information about it as well as information ontreatment and preventing of it.Some diseases can be tenacious once they take hold in a tank. Be sure to try and figure out a general diagnosis before dumping a lot of medication into the tank, as some meds are toxic dyes that can kill with overdosing (especially to sensitive fish such as tetras and scaleless cats), and some, such as antibiotics, will wreak havoc on your biofiltration and throw your established tank into a new cycle. Keep in mind that "sometimes the cure can be worse than the disease" (and ALL chemical additions to the tank which change water conditions stress the life inside the closed environment). Also, keep in mind that most plants and inverts will not tolerate many medications in the water. In planted aquaria, it is best to remove the affected fish to the quarantine tank or into a small treatment vessel with circulation and heat. It is sometimes helpful to add a small (1tbsp/5gal) amount of aquarium salt (NOT marine salt, which is different), as most medications disturb healthy gill function, and the salt reduces osmotic shock and electrolyte loss... but this is a somewhat controversial issue that I address in the following article (pros & cons): I've been working on a photo archive of fish diseases that people send me or allow me to use from their sites. This list and archive of photos is not meant to be exhaustive or comprehensive. Please note also that some diseases have multiple manifestations (Columnaris, NTD, Fish TB, to name a few), and may vary in presentation from fish to fish; others are not true "diseases" caused by a single organism, but rather signs that could point to a number of causative organisms (dropsy, pop-eye). Click on the thumbnails, and you will be linked to the larger photos (if it was larger to begin with, that is, I can't enlarge photos any larger than they were when sent to me, because this will not improve resolution). THIS IS AN ONGOING PROJECT THAT IS ALWAYS BEING ADDED TO. IF YOU HAVE A RELATIVELY CLEAR PHOTO OF A FISH WITH A DISEASE THAT YOU THINK I CAN USE, PLEASE EMAIL ME.